Birmingham, AL 35201
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the largest city in the U.S. state of
Alabama and is the county seat of Jefferson
County. The population of the city proper is
242,820 (2000 U.S. census), and declined to
231,483 according to the 2005 estimate. 
It also serves as the primary nucleus for a
sprawling urbanization known as Greater
Birmingham with 1,170,012 inhabitants
constituting roughly one quarter of the
state of Alabama's entire population.
Birmingham was founded in 1871, just after
the U. S. Civil War, as an industrial
enterprise. It was named after Birmingham,
the major industrial city of England. Home
to a significant but rigorously segregated
African American middle class, Birmingham
was one of the battlegrounds of the American
Civil Rights Movement throughout the 1960s.
Today, Birmingham ranks as one of the most
important business centers in the
Southeastern United States and is also one
of the largest banking centers in the U.S.
In addition, the Birmingham area serves as
headquarters to two Fortune 500 companies:
Regions Financial and Saks Incorporated.
Birmingham has been recognized as the
South's top city for income growth and among
the top ten nationally over the last 20
Through the middle of the 20th century,
Birmingham was the primary industrial center
of the Southern United States. The
astonishing pace of Birmingham's growth
through the turn of the century, earned it
the nicknames "The Magic City" and "The
Pittsburgh of the South". Birmingham's major
industries centered around iron and steel
production. Over the course of the 20th
century, while industry declined nationwide,
the city's economy diversified. Though
manufacturing is still a strong sector,
Birmingham has also become a major medical
research center and a regional banking and
publishing power. In recent years,
biotechnology and information technology
have begun to grow rapidly to complement
other sectors of Birmingham's economy. In
recent years Birmingham has been named by
various groups as one of the best U.S.
cities in which to live.
Felony and misdemeanor criminal court records.